|WIKI - A
wiki is a website that allows the visitors themselves to easily add, remove,
and otherwise edit and change available content, typically without the need
for registration. This ease of interaction and operation makes a wiki an
effective tool for mass collaborative authoring. The term wiki also can
refer to the collaborative software itself (wiki engine) that facilitates
the operation of such a Web site, or to certain specific wiki sites, including
the computer science site (the original wiki) WikiWikiWeb and on-line encyclopedias
such as Wikipedia.
|WEB 2.0 - Web 2.0,
a phrase coined by O'Reilly Media in 2004, refers to a perceived or proposed
second generation of Internet-based services such as social networking sites,
wikis, communication tools, and folksonomies that emphasize online collaboration
and sharing among users. O'Reilly Media, in collaboration with MediaLive
International, used the phrase as a title for a series of conferences, and
since 2004 some technicians and marketers have adopted the phrase. Its exact
meaning remains open to debate, and some experts, notably Tim Berners Lee,
have questioned whether the term has meaning.
The last, compact, definition of Web 2.0, according to Tim O'Reilly is this one:
"Web 2.0 is the business revolution in the computer industry caused by the move to the internet as platform, and an attempt to understand the rules for success on that new platform. Chief among those rules is this: Build applications that harness network effects to get better the more people use them. (This is what I've elsewhere called 'harnessing collective intelligence.')".